Kerala Backwaters

Kerala Backwaters are the main attraction in Indian tourism. The Kerala Backwaters are a network of interlinked brackish lagoons and lakes lying parallel to the Arabian Sea coast. The backwaters are unique to Kerala state in India. The largest backwater stretch in Kerala is the Vembanad lake which flows through three districts of kerala and opens out into the Arabian Sea at Cochin port.

The prime area in the kerala backwaters is in Alappuzha district, the Kuttanad region, which is called the rice bowl of Kerala. Kuttanad is a peculiar village in Kerala where farming is done below sea level and are surrounded by earthen embankments. Here the backwaters have been used for centuries by the people for agriculture, transportation and fishing.

house boat

Inside a House Boat, Kerala

The backwaters can be explored by hiring a house boat (kettuvallams locall language) for one or several days. The house boat usually comes with a navigator and a specialist cook, they can provide you various facilities when exploring the backwaters. The house-boats have a sleeping area, with toilets, a dining area and a beautifully decorated sit out on the deck. The houseboats are of various types and you can hire it, as per the number of group members. The living-cum-dining room is usually open on at least three sides allowing you to enjoy the beautiful surroundings, including coconut groves and other agriculture fields of banana and yam, cassava(tapioca), fishermen on small boats catching fishes, myriad flock of ducks, other houseboats, throughout the day when it is on the move. The house boat cruise includes food being served on times in the houseboat itself preapared by the specialist cook. All ketuvallams have a generator and most bedrooms are air-conditioned. Ketuvalloms take tourists from a particular point and bring them back to around the same point next morning. This will be a magestic experience.

Famous Backwaters in Kerala are

  • Alappuzha Backwaters : Alappuzha is 62 kilometers south of Kochi. You can reach here by train, bus or taxi. Alappuzha Railway Station is linked by rail to cities like Trivandrum, Cochin, Chennai and Mumbai
  • Kumarakom Backwaters: Kumarakom is 76 kilometers east of Kochi. You can reach here from Kochi by bus or taxi.

Best Time to Visit Kerala

You can visit kerala at any time in a year. June and July will be heavy rain but the Boat Cruise is so nice in rainy season.


The temperature in Kerala is not too hot or cold.

  • Winter: It starts in the end of November and continues till the middle of February. The temperature in the highlands often falls below 10°C during winter season but in coastal areas it will be around 20°C.
  • Summer: Even during the peak of summer, the temperature doesn't rise over 36°C unlike other states. The summer season starts at the end of February and ends at the end of May. This season sometimes gives heavy rains along with thunder and lightening.
  • Monsoon: Monsoon starts in the begining of June and continues till November.


You can stay at Kochi or at Alappuzha. Kochi has more options of luxury Hotels and it is the main tourist hub. You can get all types of Hotels here.



International airport is at Nedumbassery which is about 20 km away from Kochi. This airport is well connected to all cities in India and also to many international cities, including gulf countries and Singapore


Ernakulam Junction(code - ERS, locally called 'south railway station') is the main railway station and it is well connected to all cities in India. There are two other stations namely, Harbour Terminus on Willingdon Island and Ernakulam town(code - ERN, locally called 'north railway station').

Road ways

All type of bus service and taxi service are available from the near by cities.